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Butterflies of Scandinavia

By Rasmus Holmboe Dahl
Updated 10-04-2011


Since 2006 I've been interested in butterflies. My objective is to photograph all 140 Scandinavian day-flying butterflies, but it's a hard job because many species are rare and endangered. Some is as well extinct from their former habitats.



I've seen 76 Scandinavian butterflies out of 140. That's 54.5 percent.



The list below contains all Scandinavia butterflies. It provide a comprehensive overview of all my observations and about which species can be found in the gallery Scandinavian butterflies. Some species are common and thereby observed every year. In such cases the "observation" and "location" fields are intentionally left blank.


Latin name

English name

Photo in gallery

First observation

Places

Hesperiidae

Skippers

Pyrgus malvae

Grizzled Skipper

yes

2007

Lundby, Melby, Värmland

Pyrgus alveus

Large Grizzled Skipper

no

-

-

Pyrgus armoricanus

Oberthur's Grizzled Skipper

yes

2008

Røsnæs, Kongstrup

Pyrgus centaureae

Northern Grizzled Skipper

no

-

-

Pyrgus andromedae

Alpine Grizzled Skipper

no

-

-

Erynnis tages

Dingy Skipper

yes

2007

Melby, Värmland

Carterocephalus palaemon

Chequered skipper

no

-

-

Carterocephalus silvicola

Northern Chequered Skipper

yes

2007

Maribo, Värmland

Thymelicus lineola

Essex Skipper

yes

Thymelicus sylvestris

Small Skipper

no

-

-

Hesperia comma

Silver-spotted Skipper

no

2010

Gotland

Ochlodes sylvanus

Large Skipper

yes

Heteropterus morpheus

no

-

-

Papillionidae

Swallowtails

Parnassius apollo

Apollo

yes

2010

Gotland

Parnassius mnemosyne

Clouded Apollo

no

-

-

Papilio machaon

Old World Swallowtail

yes

2006

Värmland, Gotland

Pieridae

Whites

Aporia crataegi

Black-veined White

yes

2009

Gotland, Grene Sande

Pontia daplidice

Bath White

no

-

-

Pieris napi

Green-veined White

yes

Pieris rapae

Small White

yes

Pieris brassicae

Large White

yes

Anthocharis cardamines

Orange Tip

yes

Leptidea sinapis

Wood White

yes

2008

Värmland

Leptidea reali

Réal's Wood White

yes

2008

Värmland

Gonepteryx rhamni

Common Brimstone

yes

Colias palaeno

Moorland Clouded Yellow

yes

2007

Värmland

Colias hyale

Pale Clouded Yellow

no

-

-

Colias werdandi

Pale Arctic Clouded Yellow

yes

2010

Abisko

Colias hecla

Northern Clouded Yellow

no

-

-

Colias croceus

Dark Clouded Yellow

no

-

-

Lycaenidae

Blues

Cupido argiades

Short-tailed Blue

no

-

-

Cupido minimus

Small Blue

yes

2009

Melby, Brandbjerg

Glaucopsyche alexis

Green-Underside Blue

no

-

-

Polyommatus semiargus

Mazarine Blue

yes

2011

Brandbjerg, Värmland

Polyommatus amandus

Amanda's Blue

yes

2008

Brandbjerg, Värmland

Polyommatus icarus

Common Blue

yes

Polyommatus dorylas

Turquoise Blue

no

-

-

Maculinea arion

Large Blue

yes

2009

Gotland

Maculinea alcon

Alcon Blue

no

-

-

Celastrina argiolus

Holly Blue

yes

Scolitantides orion

Chequered Blue

no

-

-

Scolitantides vicrama

Eastern Baton Blue

no

-

-

Plebejus argus

Silver-studded Blue

yes

2007

Melby, Brandbjerg, Tengslemark

Plebejus idas

Northern Blue

yes

2008

Melby, Värmland, Gotland

Plebejus argyrognomon

Reverdin's Blue

no

-

-

Plebejus optilete

Cranberry Blue

yes

2007

Lyngby, Grene Sande, Värmland

Albulina orbitulus

Alpine Argus

no

-

-

Agriades aquilo

Glandon Blue

no

-

-

Aricia agestis

Brown Argus

yes

2010

Kongstup, Melby, Bøtø

Aricia artaxerxes

Mountain Argus

yes

2009

Gotland

Aricia eumedon

Geranium Argus

yes

2008

Dalarna

Aricia nicias

Silvery Argus

no

-

-

Lycaena phlaeas

Small Copper

yes

Lycaena virgaureae

Scarce Copper

yes

2007

Värmland

Lycaena helle

Violet Copper

no

-

-

Lycaena hippothoe

Purple Edged Copper

yes

2009

Allerød, Hillerød, Abisko

Lycaena dispar

Large Copper

no

Lycaena tityrus

Sooty Copper

yes

2010

Bøtø

Callophrys rubi

Green Hairstreak

yes

Favonius quercus

Purple Hairstreak

no

-

-

Satyrium w-album

White-letter hairstreak

yes

2010

Lyngby

Satyrium pruni

Black hairstreak

no

-

-

Satyrium ilicis

Ilex hairstreak

no

-

-

Thecla betulae

Brown hairstreak

yes

2008

Tisvilde

Riodinidae

Metalmarks

Hamearis lucina

Duke of Burgundy

no

-

-

Heliconiinae

Longwings

Issoria lathonia

Queen of Spain Fritillary

yes

2008

Melby, Tengslemark

Brenthis ino

Lesser Marbled Fritillary

yes

2008

Värmland, Stenholt

Argynnis laodice

Pallas' Fritillary

no

-

-

Argynnis paphia

Silver-washed Fritillary

yes

2007

Värmland, Rude

Argynnis aglaja

Dark Green Fritillary

yes

2007

Melby, Värmland

Argynnis adippe

High Brown Fritillary

yes

2007

Melby, Värmland

Argynnis niobe

Niobe Fritillary

no

-

-

Boloria selene

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

yes

2007

Lundby, Grene, Värmland, Maribo

Boloria euphrosyne

Pearl-bordered Fritillary

yes

2007

Fulu, Idre, Värmland, Maribo

Boloria eunomia

Bog Fritillary

yes

2010

Njulla

Boloria freija

Freija Fritillary

no

-

-

Boloria chariclea

Arctic Fritillary

no

-

-

Boloria polaris

Polaris Fritillary

no

-

-

Boloria thore

Thor's Fritillary

yes

2010

Abisko

Boloria improba

Dingy Fritillary

no

-

-

Boloria frigga

Frigga Fritillary

no

-

-

Boloria napaea

Mountain Fritillary

yes

2010

Kungsleden

Boloria aquilonaris

Cranberry Fritillary

yes

2008

Värmland, Teglstrup

Boloria titania

Titania's Fritillary

no

-

-

Boloria dia

Weaver's Fritillary

no

-

-

Nymphalinae

Araschnia levana

Map

yes

Vanessa atalanta

Red Admiral

yes

Cynthia cardui

Painted Lady

yes

Inachis io

Painted Lady

yes

Nymphalis antiopa

Camberwell Beauty

yes

Nymphalis polychloros

Large Tortoiseshell

no

-

-

Nymphalis xanthomelas

Scarce Tortoiseshell

no

-

-

Aglais urticae

Small Tortoiseshell

yes

Polygonia c-album

Comma

yes

Euphydryas and Melitaea

Euphydryas iduna

Lapland Fritillary

no

-

-

Euphydryas maturna

Scarce Fritillary

no

-

-

Euphydryas aurinia

Marsh Fritillary

yes

2010

Lundby

Melitaea cinxia

Glanville Fritillary

yes

2009

Lundby, Melby, Røsnæs

Melitaea diamina

False Heath Fritillary

yes

2007

Värmland

Melitaea britomartis

Assmann's Fritillary

no

-

-

Melitaea athalia

Heath Fritillary

yes

2008

Värmland

Limenitis and Apatura

Limenitis camilla

White Admiral

yes

2011

Kongelunden

Limenitis populi

Poplar Admiral

yes

2007

Värmland

Apatura iris

yes

2011

Kongelunden

Apatura ilia

Lesser Purple Emperor

no

-

-

Satyrinae

Browns

Pararge aegeria

Speckled Wood

yes

Lopinga achine

no

Coenonympha arcania

Pearly Heath

yes

2008

Värmland

Coenonympha hero

Scarce Heath

no

-

-

Coenonympha glycerion

Chestnut Heath

yes

Coenonympha pamphilus

Small Heath

yes

2008

Allerød, Melby, Skansebakken

Coenonympha tullia

Large Heath

yes

2008

Grene Sande, Värmland

Lasiommata maera

Large Wall Brown

yes

2007

Värmland

Lasiommata petropolitana

Northern Wall Brown

yes

2007

Värmland

Lasiommata megera

Wall Brown

yes

2008

Tengslemark, Melby

Maniola jurtina

Meadow Brown

yes

Maniola lycaon

Dusky Meadow Brown

no

-

-

Aphantopus hyperantus

Ringlet

yes

Erebia ligea

Arran Brown

yes

2007

Värmland

Erebia pandrose

Dewy Ringlet

yes

2010

Kungsleden

Erebia embla

Lapland Ringlet

no

-

-

Erebia disa

Arctic Ringlet

no

-

-

Erebia polaris

Arctic Woodland Ringlet

no

-

-

Oeneis jutta

Jutta Arctic

yes

2008

Fulufjället

Oeneis norna

Norse Grayling

no

-

-

Oeneis bore

Arctic Grayling

no

-

-

Hipparchia alcyone

Rock Grayling

no

-

-

Hipparchia semele

Grayling

yes

2008

Tengslemark, Vesterlyng, Gotland, Melby


The last list contains the most uncommon butterflies. Through centuries there have only been dozen of observations of these species, which makes it very unlikely, that I will ever see them in Scandinavia.


Latin name

English name

Photo in gallery

First observation

Places

Iphiclides podalirius

Scarce Swallowtail

no

-

-

Pyrgus serratulae

Olive Skipper

no

-

-

Pontia chloridice

Small Bath White

no

-

-

Pontia callidice

Peak White

no

-

-

Colias alfacariensis

Berger's Clouded Yellow

no

-

-

Cupido alcetas

Provençal Short-tailed Blue

no

-

-

Lycaena alciphron

Purple-Shot Copper

no

-

-

Nymphalis vaualbum

Compton Tortoiseshell

no

-

-

Maniola tithonus

Hedge Brown

no

-

-

Melanargia galathea

Marbled White

no

-

-

Hipparchia briseis

Hermit

no

-

-

Danaus plexippus

Monarch

no

-

-


The list is constructed with help of Nationalnyckeln - Dayflying butterflies.